Ballaugh Curragh: a site of international significance
In September, it was announced that the Ballaugh Curragh had been designated a wetland site of international importance, joining 1,600 other sites worldwide. The press release issued by the International Secretariat explained why this 193 hectare site is so important.
The Ballaugh Curragh is a complex mosaic of interrelated peatland habitats dominated by grey willow and birch scrub locally known as ‘curragh’. Of particular significance is the presence of wet bog woodland, natural dysphoric ponds, Molinia meadows on peaty soils, and especially the purple moor-grass-dominated fen pastures with good populations of marsh orchids. Amongst the high diversity of breeding birds the site also supports the threatened Corncrake Crex crex, which is ascribed to the continuing presence of traditionally managed farmland. The biodiversity of the site is known to have contributed to its cultural importance as an early settlement, and hence to its considerable value as an archaeological resource.
Thus Ballaugh Curragh forms a culturally-defined area of the Isle of Man as well as a distinct wetland, and as such it has provided valuable archaeological and palynological (spores and pollen) records. The presence of impressive numbers of winter hen harrier Circus cyaneus and traditionally-managed meadows with summer displays of thousands of orchids attracts visitors for both bird-watching and the popular ‘orchid tours’ run by the Manx Wildlife Trust.
Categorised as: Nature